ADHD – Do You Or Someone You Know Have This?

Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADD or ADHD)  is defined as age-inappropriate impulsiveness, lack of concentration, and sometimes excessive physical activity and diagnosed in about 8 to 13% of school aged children.

Also indexed as: ADD, ADHD, Attention Deficit Disorder, Hyperactivity

Between 4 and 8 million school aged children, 3 to 6% are labeled as ADHD. Could this be a problem with our understanding of learning?

ADHD has been associated with learning difficulties and lack of social skills. Obviously what constitutes “normal” in these areas covers a wide spectrum; thus it is unclear which child suffers true ADHD and which child is just more rambunctious or rebellious than another. No objective criteria exist to accurately confirm the presence of ADHD. ADHD often goes undiagnosed if not caught at an early age, and it affects many adults who may not be aware of their condition.  The debate regarding the actual need for treatment or specialized learning opportunities for these children continues.

What are the symptoms of ADHD?

Symptoms and severity vary among individuals

ADHD is generally recognized by a pattern of inattention, distractibility, impulsivity, and hyperactivity estimated to affect 3 to 5% of school-aged children. Learning disabilities or emotional problems often accompany ADHD. Children with ADHD experience an inability to sit still and pay attention in class, and they often engage in disruptive behavior.  However, they also often become the most innovative and successful people in science, business and the arts.

Medical treatments

The most commonly prescribed prescription drugs, methylphenidate (Ritalin®, Metadate®) and amphetamine mixtures (Adderall®), are considered stimulant drugs, though they produce a paradoxical calming effect in people with ADHD. Another medication less frequently used is pemoline (Cylert®).  Prescriptions for Ritalin have more than doubled in a decade amid fears that children are being wrongly given the drug. Almo

Image result for adhd normal

Oxygen, glucose and neurotransmitters show deficiencies in the child expressing ADHD behavior.

st a million were handed out in 2015, but experts are concerned the rise is being driven by doctors misdiagnosing youngsters with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD.

NOTE:Here is a 10 step protocol for parents to consider that gives a broad approach to what can be done for children with ADHD before commencing Ritalin or any other related medication. HERE

Dietary changes that may be helpful

DETERMINE ALLERGIES: The two most studied dietary approaches to ADHD are the Feingold diet and a hypoallergenic diet. The Feingold diet was developed by Benjamin Feingold, M.D., on the premise that salicylates (chemicals similar to aspirin that are found in a wide variety of foods) are an underlying cause of hyperactivity. In some studies, this hypothesis does not appear to hold up. However, in studies where markedly different levels of salicylates were investigated, a causative role for salicylates could be detected in some hyperactive children. As many as 10 to 25% of children may be sensitive to salicylates. Parents of ADHD children can contact local Feingold Associations for more information about which foods and medicines contain salicylates.

The Feingold diet also eliminates synthetic additives, dyes, and chemicals, which are commonly added to processed foods. The yellow dye tartrazine has been specifically shown to provoke symptoms in controlled studies of ADHD-affected children. Again, not every child reacts, but enough do so that a trial avoidance may be worthwhile. The Feingold diet is complex and requires guidance from either the Feingold Association or a healthcare professional familiar with the Feingold diet.

In one study, children diagnosed with ADHD were put on a hypoallergenic diet, and those children who improved (about one-third) were then challenged with food additives. All of them experienced an aggravation of symptoms when given these additives.5 Other studies have shown that eliminating individual allergenic foods and additives from the diet can help children with attention problems.

Some parents believe that consuming sugar may aggravate ADHD. One study found that avoiding sugar reduced aggressiveness and restlessness in hyperactive children. Girls who restrict sugar have been reported to improve more than boys. However, a study using large amounts of sugar and aspartame (NutraSweet®) found that negative reactions to these substances were limited to just a few children. While most studies have not found sugar to stimulate hyperactivity, except in rare cases,11 the experimental design of these studies may not have been ideal for demonstrating an adverse effect of sugar on ADHD, if one exists. Further studies are needed.

Lifestyle changes that may be helpful

Smoking during pregnancy should be avoided, as it appears to increase the risk of giving birth to a child who develops ADHD.

Lead and other heavy-metal exposures have been linked to ADHD. If other therapies do not seem to be helping a child with ADHD, the possibility of heavy-metal exposure can be explored with a health practitioner.

Nutritional supplements that may be helpful

Image result for nutrition research for ADHDNutrition research into ADHD has some great possibilities that should be further investigated.  For instance, some children with ADHD have lowered levels of magnesium. In a preliminary, controlled trial, children with ADHD and low magnesium status were given 200 mg of magnesium per day for six months. Compared with 25 other magnesium-deficient ADHD children, those given magnesium supplementation had a significant decrease in hyperactive behavior.

 

New research presented at the American Academy of Pediatrics Experience National Conference & Exhibition found that low vitamin D levels are prevalent in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

In a double-blind study, supplementation with L-carnitine for eight weeks resulted in clinical improvement in 54% of a group of boys with ADHD, compared with a 13% response rate in the placebo group. The amount of L-carnitine used in this study was 100 mg per 2.2 pounds of body weight per day, with a maximum of 4 grams per day. No adverse effects were seen, although one child developed an unpleasant body odor while taking L-carnitine. Researchers have found that this uncommon side effect of L-carnitine can be prevented by supplementing with riboflavin. Although no serious side effects were seen in this study, the safety of long-term L-carnitine supplementation in children has not been well studied. This treatment should, therefore, be monitored by a physician.

A deficiency of several essential fatty acids has been observed in some children with ADHD compared with unaffected children. One study gave children with ADHD evening primrose oil supplements in an attempt to correct the problem.19 Although a degree of benefit was seen, results were not pronounced. In a 12-week double-blind study, children with ADHD were given either a placebo or a fatty-acid supplement providing daily: 186 mg of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), 480 mg of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), 96 mg of gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), 864 mg of linoleic acid, and 42 mg of arachidonic acid. Compared with the placebo, the fatty-acid supplement produced significant improvements in both cognitive function and behavioral problems. No adverse effects were seen.  Shaklee Mighty Smart provides the EPA/DHA ratio perfectly balanced for proper brain and nervous system development.

B vitamins, particularly vitamin B6, have also been used for ADHD. Deficient levels of vitamin B6 have been detected in some ADHD patients. In a study of six children with low blood levels of the neurotransmitter (chemical messenger) serotonin, vitamin B6 supplementation (15–30 mg per 2.2 pounds of body weight per day) was found to be more effective than methylphenidate (Ritalin®). However, lower amounts of vitamin B6 were not beneficial. The effective amount of vitamin B6 in this study was extremely large and could potentially cause nerve damage, although none occurred in this study. A practitioner knowledgeable in nutrition must be consulted when using high amounts of vitamin B6. High amounts of other B vitamins have shown mixed results in relieving ADHD symptoms.

Genetic Testing Greatly Helps Determine The Proper Treatment

Recent research  in Germany has revealed strikingly similar genetic patterns in patients  Parkinson’s Disease and children with ADHD.   Is ADHD a precursor to PD?

Summer is an ideal time to get a full metabolic and genetic profile for ADHD, even though many may falsely assume the brain disorder takes this school-free season off. Clinicians who use genetic tests designed to help optimize treatment decisions for their patients with ADHD, say testing young patients when they aren’t distracted by school is a good idea.

This type of testing is essential because each person’s genetic code is unique. Several genes dictate how nutrients are processed in the body, how effective they may be, and whether the patient could be at risk for side effects from taking drugs.

Genetic testing is easy to do with an in home kit we send to our patients; it involves a cheek swab that is sent directly to the certified lab where it’s analyzed. But taking a child away from school for this test can be cumbersome, so it’s another reason we recommend patients undergo this process in the summer.

I find that the end of the school year also marks a period when parents see the final report cards and realize the severity of their child’s learning issues. Too many parents feel helpless during the summer and just hope things will be different in the fall. By beginning treatment in the summer, experts say the stakes are lower as the student doesn’t have any school work that will suffer as treatment begins to take effect.

NOTE: Dr. Brouse recommends testing children with any learning or behavior symptoms to get tested.  Toxic metals, allergies, genetic predisposition and nutrient deficiencies are often found and usually respond favorably with natural methods.  If you or a loved one has a label of ADD, ADHD, Autistic Spectrum Disorder or just plain too smart for their own good (snicker). we can help with their social skills by optimizing their biochemical efficiency.  Call Kristyl or Kathy and take advantage of our May Specialty Testing.  It can make all the difference in the world.

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